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Barque history

2425......1926272829...1930313233341939404142431946474849501966676869701973747576771983848586871991929394...199596.........199798990001200506.........200708.........2009101112132014............2015............201617
Birth of the Windjammer
1926
The four-masted barque built in Bremerhaven (Geestemünde) and launched in 1926 with the name "Padua", and for 70 years known throughout the world as the "Kruzenshtern" is a unique sailing ship.
Working youth
1930-ies
In the first voyage "Padua" set off from Hamburg on August 30, 1026 and in 74 days – on November 24th - she reached the Chilean port of Talcahuano.
The second world war
1939-1946
When guns fire and kill people there is no time to enjoy the romance of sails.
New name - new life
1946-1966
The barque’s service under the pennant of the Naval Fleet of the USSR.
The barque in a new uniform, but now in civil one
1966-1972
The first years of being a training sailing ship of the fishing industry fleet.
First international regattas
1973-1982
Weekdays of the sailing ship as part of the Baltic squad training ships.
The estonian period of the barque Kruzenshtern
1983-1991
Finding representative mission and the first earnings of the sailing ship.
Port of Registry - Kaliningrad
1991-1995
"School of sails" at Kaliningrad Higher Maritime Engineering College.
The first circumnavigation of «Kruzenshtern»
1995-1996
The expedition as devotion to the traditions of the Russian fleet and ambitious challenge to the realities of time.
The barque’s week days: regattas, training voyages, repairs
1997-2004
Aristocratism of the spirit: noble feat despite the elements.
Second circumnavigation
2005-2006
Confirm once his victory is sometimes very difficult.
Change captain
2007-2008
Kolomenskiy’s disciples in “Kruzenshtern’s” cabin.
The transatlantic Expedition
2009-2010
The broken mast, for the first time in her history the ship has passed through Panama Canal and moorage at the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
Home Winter Olympics in Sochi
2014
Another Captain Change on the Barque.
International historical memorial expedition
2015
Visiting the Black Sea ports of the hero-cities and waters of hostilities, repetition of the route of the Arctic convoys, dedicated to the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.
The barque «Kruzenshtern» turns 90
2016
One year - and as many anniversaries: 70 years under the name of the famous navigator and 25 years as a part of the sea of high school, who turned 50 years old!

Second circumnavigation

Confirm once his victory is sometimes very difficult.

 

Shortly before 2005, the year of commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the Victory Day in the Great Patriotic War, they started planning events at the governmental and public, demonstrating national idea.

Keeping in mind how good the society reacted to the latest "Kruzenshtern’s " circumnavigation which took place 10 years ago, it was decided to take another voyage. Moreover, the2006 marked 200 years since the end of the first Russian circumnavigation led by Kruzenshtern and Lisyansky. So it was decided to dedicate the new voyage to these two significant dates in Russian history.

Preparation for the campaign took a very short period of time, no more than 3 months. Perhaps the second circumnavigation was inferior to the scale and depth of scientific research of the first one, but it was important to use the accumulated experience and, in general this sailing was supposed to confirm not a random but a stable level of civil navigation. The fact that the voyages were set at the level of real achievements by crews of civil training vessels played an important role.

It was decided not to break the usual schedule for this new circumnavigation: the start of the navigation was planned for the spring which enabled “Kruzenshtern” to participate in the summer regattas, and then descend to the southern hemisphere to go through the terrible Cape Horn at the height of summer. The change of cadets was planned in Vladivostok again, and to return to St. Petersburg in August 2006.

It’s worth mentioning that before this voyage one of the biggest dreams of "Kruzenshtern’s" navigators was fulfilled: the Svetly shipyard built a small glass booth for the steering wheel in front of the chart house. Until now, before the 80th anniversary of the barque, watch on the steering wheel was carried out in all weather conditions - heat, cold, storm or hurricane - on the windswept and open space - cadets the able seaman’s and a watchkeeping mate’s guidance, were forced to carry their service for four hours, taking turns every hour. It’s one thing to stand up for the authenticity of a classic windjammer and quite another - to keep the wheel of a vessel during a huge hurricane under the pressure of the ocean waves, at the risk of being washed out of the board, as it happened in the "Padua" and other P-liners.

In fact, it was an interim version. Later a new pilot house with the most modern electronic navigation equipment was built. Now it is over the training chart-room on the boat deck. But back then, before the second circumnavigation, reconstruction made by Kolomenskiy was an audacious challenge - and it was worth it!

For this innovation "Kruzenshtern" is often, even nowadays, is criticized: that it was done in vain - that, for example, "Sedov" kept watch in its original form. On our crew has always replied with dignity: "when Sedov gets close to “Kruzenshtern” in intensity, endurance and daring challenges, then we’ll start comparing". And in fact, the ship remained the constructive possibility to navigate with today's decorative helm, training watches on the Davis Drive are held regularly, and the original structures and equipment are treated with care. But it’s hard to stay away from following the progress in the 21st century, in order to give new generations of cadets an idea of ​​what the new trends in the shipbuilding industry are, and what equipment they will be working on because most likely it won’t be sailing fleet.

From the fishing port of Kaliningrad "Kruzenshtern" put to sea to St. Petersburg on June 17, 2005 in order to get good wishes and instructions from the maritime community of St. Petersburg (from June 21-24). Gennadiy Kolomenskiy was aboard again in the position of Captain-Instructor. The crew list, in addition to the permanent crew and cadets, now had a number of cameramen and journalists, thanks to whom we now have original footage of the first sailing circumnavigation of the 21st century.

"Kruzenshtern" successfully participated in the Sailing Races 2005" in the North Sea and in the Bremerhaven festival "Sail 2005" but, of course, the officers, as well as the crew and the cadets were looking forward to the upcoming epic circumnavigation. Even now it is breathtaking to enumerate all these ports of the navigation route: Torbay (UK) -  Santander (Spain) – Lisbon (Portugal) - Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain) - Montevideo (Uruguay) - Ushuaia (Argentina) - Cape Horn - Valparaiso (Chile ) - Callao (Peru) - Acapulco - (Mexico) - Honolulu (United States) - Vladivostok!

Cape Horn – windjammers’ fetish - was successfully passed at the wonderful weather, on December 11, 2005, without any surprises, just as the expedition of Ivan Kruzenshtern did it nearly 200 years ago,  For the six-month voyage to Vladivostok where “Kruzenshtern” arrived on March 28, 2006, there was a storm and various hardships in both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. Neither "roaring forties", nor "terrible fifties", nor "violent latitude of the sixties showed their sympathy to the sailing ship. Passage of the oceans isn’t a walk in the quiet backwaters, especially in the circumnavigation!

So the time for cadets change in Vladivostok has come. It was the first stage of the circumnavigation and there was a long way ahead: Hong Kong, Singapore, Mauritius, Cape Town, until the final stop on the Canary Islands! On July 26, 2006 “Kruzenshtern” entered Bremerhaven as a home port. There was a final step left. And from August 7-10, Saint-Petersburg saluted the winner of the sea depths! The ship returned to Kaliningrad on August 14 after long 14 months!

There were 45 774 nautical miles and 21 foreign ports with 121 days of stay left overboard. The whole voyage lasted 425 days.

After a great voyage the crew went on vacation and the barque needed a considerable amount of repair work: the wheelhouse was finished in the Svetliy shipyard, electrohydraulics  of the steering device and navigation equipment were updated, the remote control of the vessel was set on the command bridge, the galley and a bakery were upgraded, the medical aid room and the ship museum got the view that visitors can see now.